Lanzarote is the easternmost of the autonomous Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 125 km off the coast of Africa and 1,000 km from the Iberian Peninsula. Covering 845.9 km2, it stands as the fourth largest of the islands.
The first recorded name for the island, given by Angelino Dulcert, was Insula de Lanzarotus Marocelus, after the Genoese navigator Lancelotto Malocello, from which the modern name is derived.
The island’s name in the native language was Titerro(y)gatra, which may mean “the red mountains”.
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Lanzarote is situated at 29°00′ north, 13°40′ west. It is located 11 km north-east of Fuerteventura and 1 mile from Graciosa.
The dimensions of the island are 60 km from north to south and 25 km from west to east.
Lanzarote has 213 km of coastline, of which 10 km are sand, 16.5 km are beach, and the remainder are rocky. Its dramatic landscape includes the mountain ranges of Famara (671 m) in the north and Ajaches (608 m) to the south.
South of the Famara massif is the El Jable desert which separates Famara and Montañas del Fuego.
The mountainous area of Lanzarote is called Timanfaya National Park. The tallest mountain is Peñas del Chache elevating 670 m above sea level.
The “Tunnel of Atlantis” is the largest submerged volcanic tunnel in the world. Lanzarote is the easternmost island of the Canary Islands and has volcanic origin.
It was born out of fiery eruptions and has solidified lava streams as well as extravagant rock formations.